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Satellite testing of a gravitationally induced quantum decoherence model

Xu, Ping and Ma, Yiqiu and Ren, Ji-Gang and Yong, Hai-Lin and Ralph, Timothy C. and Liao, Sheng-Kai and Yin, Juan and Liu, Wei-Yue and Cai, Wen-Qi and Han, Xuan and Wu, Hui-Nan and Wang, Wei-Yang and Li, Feng-Zhi and Yang, Meng and Lin, Feng-Li and Li, Li and Liu, Nai-Le and Chen, Yu-Ao and Lu, Chao-Yang and Chen, Yanbei and Fan, Jingyun and Peng, Cheng-Zhi and Pan, Jian-Wei (2019) Satellite testing of a gravitationally induced quantum decoherence model. Science, 366 (6461). pp. 132-135. ISSN 0036-8075. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190920-140523203

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Abstract

Quantum mechanics and the general theory of relativity are two pillars of modern physics. However, a coherent unified framework of the two theories still remains an open problem. Attempts to quantize general relativity have led to many rival models of quantum gravity, which, however, generally lack experimental foundations. We report a quantum optical experimental test of event formalism of quantum fields, a theory which attempts to present a coherent description of quantum fields in exotic spacetimes containing closed timelike curves and ordinary spacetime. We experimentally test a prediction of the theory with the quantum satellite Micius that a pair of time-energy entangled particles probabilistically decorrelate passing through different regions of the gravitational potential of Earth. Our measurement results are consistent with the standard quantum theory and hence do not support the prediction of event formalism.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay5820DOIArticle
https://science.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.aay5820/DC1PublisherSupplementary Materials
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Xu, Ping0000-0002-7984-776X
Ma, Yiqiu0000-0001-7192-4874
Ren, Ji-Gang0000-0003-2827-206X
Yong, Hai-Lin0000-0002-9074-5617
Liao, Sheng-Kai0000-0002-4184-9583
Yin, Juan0000-0002-9909-6211
Liu, Wei-Yue0000-0001-6458-009X
Wang, Wei-Yang0000-0002-0353-0694
Yang, Meng0000-0001-9902-1722
Lin, Feng-Li0000-0002-4277-7219
Li, Li0000-0001-8122-8733
Liu, Nai-Le0000-0002-0986-3019
Chen, Yu-Ao0000-0002-2309-2281
Lu, Chao-Yang0000-0002-8227-9177
Chen, Yanbei0000-0002-9730-9463
Fan, Jingyun0000-0003-4516-8870
Peng, Cheng-Zhi0000-0002-4753-5243
Pan, Jian-Wei0000-0002-6100-5142
Additional Information:© 2019 American Association for the Advancement of Science. Received 1 July 2019; accepted 6 September 2019. Published online 19 September 2019. We thank colleagues at the National Space Science Center, Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, China Xi’an Satellite Control Center, National Astronomical Observatories, and Ngari Observatory for their management and coordination. This work was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program on Space Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and National Natural Science Foundation of China. Author contributions: J.F., C.-Z.P., and J.-W.P. conceived the research. P.X., J.-G.R., J.F., C.-Z.P., and J.-W.P. designed the experiment. P.X., J.-G.R., H.-L.Y., X.H., H.-N.W., W.-Y.W., S.-K.L., J.Y., W.-Q.C., L.L., N.-L.L., Y.-A.C., and C.-Y.L. conducted the experiment. H.-L.Y., W.-Y.L., W.-Q.C., F.-Z.L., and M.Y. developed the software. Y.M., T.R., F.L., Y.C., and J.F. performed the theoretical study. P.X., Y.M., T.C.R., Y.C., J.F., C.-Z.P., and J.-W.P. analyzed the data and prepared the manuscript. All authors contributed to data collection, discussed the results, and reviewed the manuscript. J.-W.P. supervised the whole project. The authors declare no competing interests. Data and materials availability: All data are available in the manuscript or the supplementary materials. Correspondence and requests for materials should be addressed to J.F., C.-Z.P. and J.-W.P.
Group:TAPIR, Astronomy Department
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Chinese Academy of SciencesUNSPECIFIED
National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:6461
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20190920-140523203
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20190920-140523203
Official Citation:Satellite testing of a gravitationally induced quantum decoherence model. PING XU, YIQIU MA, JI-GANG REN, HAI-LIN YONG, TIMOTHY C. RALPH, SHENG-KAI LIAO, JUAN YIN, WEI-YUE LIU, WEN-QI CAI, XUAN HAN, HUI-NAN WU, WEI-YANG WANG, FENG-ZHI LI, MENG YANG, FENG-LI LIN, LI LI, NAI-LE LIU, YU-AO CHEN, CHAO-YANG LU, YANBEI CHEN, JINGYUN FAN, CHENG-ZHI PENG, JIAN-WEI PAN. SCIENCE 04 OCT 2019: 132-135. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aay5820
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98780
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:20 Sep 2019 23:01
Last Modified:04 Oct 2019 14:56

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