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Distributed and Localized Model Predictive Control via System Level Synthesis

Amo Alonso, Carmen and Matni, Nikolai (2019) Distributed and Localized Model Predictive Control via System Level Synthesis. . (Unpublished)

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We present the Distributed and Localized Model Predictive Control (DLMPC) algorithm for large-scale structured linear systems, wherein only local state and model information needs to be exchanged between subsystems for the computation and implementation of control actions. We use the System Level Synthesis (SLS) framework to reformulate the MPC problem as an optimization problem over closed loop system responses, and show that this allows us to naturally impose localized communication constraints between sub-controllers, such that only local state and system model information needs to be exchanged for both computation and implementation of closed loop MPC control policies. In particular, we show that the structure of the resulting optimization problem can be exploited to develop an Alternating Direction Method of Multipliers (ADMM) based algorithm that allows for distributed and localized computation of control decisions. Moreover, our approach can accommodate constraints and objective functions that couple the behavior of different subsystems, so long as the coupled systems are able to communicate directly with each other, allowing for a broader class of MPC problems to be solved via distributed optimization. We conclude with numerical simulations to demonstrate the usefulness of our method, and in particular, we demonstrate that the computational complexity of the subproblems solved by each subsystem in DLMPC is independent of the size of the global system.

Item Type:Report or Paper (Discussion Paper)
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper
Matni, Nikolai0000-0003-4936-3921
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191001-144727089
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:98998
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:01 Oct 2019 22:41
Last Modified:03 Oct 2019 21:46

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