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Planck 2018 results. III. High Frequency Instrument data processing and frequency maps

Aghanim, N. and Ghosh, T. and Crill, B. P. and Doré, O. and Rocha, G. and Górski, K. M. and Lawrence, C. R. and Roudier, G. and Wehus, I. K. (2020) Planck 2018 results. III. High Frequency Instrument data processing and frequency maps. Astronomy and Astrophysics, 641 . Art. No. A3. ISSN 0004-6361. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191004-085616677

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Abstract

This paper presents the High Frequency Instrument (HFI) data processing procedures for the Planck 2018 release. Major improvements in mapmaking have been achieved since the previous Planck 2015 release, many of which were used and described already in an intermediate paper dedicated to the Planck polarized data at low multipoles. These improvements enabled the first significant measurement of the reionization optical depth parameter using Planck-HFI data. This paper presents an extensive analysis of systematic effects, including the use of end-to-end simulations to facilitate their removal and characterize the residuals. The polarized data, which presented a number of known problems in the 2015 Planck release, are very significantly improved, especially the leakage from intensity to polarization. Calibration, based on the cosmic microwave background (CMB) dipole, is now extremely accurate and in the frequency range 100–353 GHz reduces intensity-to-polarization leakage caused by calibration mismatch. The Solar dipole direction has been determined in the three lowest HFI frequency channels to within one arc minute, and its amplitude has an absolute uncertainty smaller than 0.35 μK, an accuracy of order 10−4. This is a major legacy from the Planck HFI for future CMB experiments. The removal of bandpass leakage has been improved for the main high-frequency foregrounds by extracting the bandpass-mismatch coefficients for each detector as part of the mapmaking process; these values in turn improve the intensity maps. This is a major change in the philosophy of “frequency maps”, which are now computed from single detector data, all adjusted to the same average bandpass response for the main foregrounds. End-to-end simulations have been shown to reproduce very well the relative gain calibration of detectors, as well as drifts within a frequency induced by the residuals of the main systematic effect (analogue-to-digital convertor non-linearity residuals). Using these simulations, we have been able to measure and correct the small frequency calibration bias induced by this systematic effect at the 10⁻⁴ level. There is no detectable sign of a residual calibration bias between the first and second acoustic peaks in the CMB channels, at the 10⁻³ level.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832909DOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1807.06207arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Aghanim, N.0000-0002-6688-8992
Crill, B. P.0000-0002-4650-8518
Doré, O.0000-0002-5009-7563
Rocha, G.0000-0002-4150-8076
Additional Information:© 2020 Planck Collaboration. Open Access article, published by EDP Sciences, under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Received 26 February 2018; Accepted 27 June 2018; Published online 11 September 2020. The Planck Collaboration acknowledges the support of: ESA; CNES and CNRS/INSU-IN2P3-INP (France); ASI, CNR, and INAF (Italy); NASA and DoE (USA); STFC and UKSA (UK); CSIC, MINECO, JA, and RES (Spain); Tekes, AoF, and CSC (Finland); DLR and MPG (Germany); CSA (Canada); DTU Space (Denmark); SER/SSO (Switzerland); RCN (Norway); SFI (Ireland); FCT/MCTES (Portugal); ERC and PRACE (EU). A description of the Planck Collaboration and a list of its members, indicating which technical or scientific activities they have been involved in, can be found at http://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/planck/planck-collaboration.
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
European Space Agency (ESA)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National d'Études Spatiales (CNES)UNSPECIFIED
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)UNSPECIFIED
Institut national des sciences de l'Univers (INSU)UNSPECIFIED
Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (IN2P3)UNSPECIFIED
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)UNSPECIFIED
Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR)UNSPECIFIED
Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF)UNSPECIFIED
NASAUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
United Kingdom Space Agency (UKSA)UNSPECIFIED
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)UNSPECIFIED
Junta de AndalucíaUNSPECIFIED
Spanish Supercomputing Network (RES)UNSPECIFIED
Ministry of Employment and the Economy (Finland)UNSPECIFIED
Academy of FinlandUNSPECIFIED
Finnish IT Center for Science (CSC)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt (DLR)UNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Canadian Space Agency (CSA)UNSPECIFIED
DTU Space (Denmark)UNSPECIFIED
State Secretariat for Education and Research (Switzerland)UNSPECIFIED
Swiss Space Office (SSO)UNSPECIFIED
Research Council of NorwayUNSPECIFIED
Science Foundation, IrelandUNSPECIFIED
Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT)UNSPECIFIED
Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Ensino Superior (MCTES)UNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)UNSPECIFIED
Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe (PRACE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:cosmology: observations – cosmic background radiation – surveys – methods: data analysis
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191004-085616677
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191004-085616677
Official Citation:Planck 2018 results - III. High Frequency Instrument data processing and frequency maps. Planck Collaboration, N. Aghanim, et. al., A&A, 641 (2020) A3; DOI: https://doi.org/10.1051/0004-6361/201832909
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:99068
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:04 Oct 2019 16:26
Last Modified:11 Sep 2020 21:30

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