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The electron canonical battery effect in magnetic reconnection: Completion of the electron canonical vorticity framework

Yoon, Young Dae and Bellan, Paul M. (2019) The electron canonical battery effect in magnetic reconnection: Completion of the electron canonical vorticity framework. Physics of Plasmas, 26 (10). Art. No. 100702. ISSN 1070-664X.

[img] PDF (derivation of how different terms compete to yield the structure of the electron canonical battery shown in Fig. 5(a) (contour)) - Supplemental Material
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A widespread practice in studying magnetic reconnection is to examine the electron momentum equation. Here, we present an alternative, ab initio framework that examines the motion of the electron canonical vorticity, which is the curl of the electron canonical momentum. The competition between just two terms—the convective term and the electron canonical battery term—determines the dynamics of electron canonical vorticity and equivalently the electron physics down to first principles. To demonstrate the power of this approach, the growth, saturation, stability, and morphology of the electron diffusion region are explained within the electron canonical vorticity framework. The framework provides a clear distinction between reconnection models where the frozen-in property of the magnetic field is violated by electron inertia and by pressure tensor effects such as electron viscosity.

Item Type:Article
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URLURL TypeDescription
Yoon, Young Dae0000-0001-8394-2076
Bellan, Paul M.0000-0002-0886-8782
Additional Information:© 2019 Published under license by AIP Publishing. Submitted: 30 July 2019; Accepted: 12 September 2019; Published Online: 8 October 2019. This material is based upon work supported by the NSF/DOE Partnership in Plasma Science and Engineering via U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science, Office of Fusion Energy Sciences award DE-FG02-04ER54755, by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research under award No. FA9550-17-1-0023, and by the NSF Division of Atmospheric and Geospace Sciences under Award No. 1914599. The computations presented here were conducted on the Caltech High Performance Cluster, partially supported by a grant from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-FG02-04ER54755
Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR)FA9550-17-1-0023
Gordon and Betty Moore FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191008-140918538
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Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:99160
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:08 Oct 2019 21:18
Last Modified:08 Oct 2019 21:18

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