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SDSS-HET Survey of Kepler Eclipsing Binaries. Description of the Survey and First Results

Mahadevan, Suvrath and Bender, Chad F. and Hambleton, Kelly and Fleming, Scott W. and Deshpande, Rohit and Conroy, Kyle and Matijevič, Gal and Hebb, Leslie and Roy, Arpita and Ak, Hasan and Leban, Blaž and Prša, Andrej (2019) SDSS-HET Survey of Kepler Eclipsing Binaries. Description of the Survey and First Results. Astrophysical Journal, 884 (2). Art. No. 126. ISSN 1538-4357.

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The Kepler mission has provided a treasure trove of eclipsing binaries (EBs), observed at extremely high photometric precision, nearly continuously for several years. We are carrying out a survey of ~100 of these EBs to derive dynamical masses and radii with precisions of 3% or better. We use multiplexed near-infrared H-band spectroscopy from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey-III and -IV APOGEE instrument and optical spectroscopy from the Hobby–Eberly Telescope High-resolution Spectrograph to derive double-lined spectroscopic orbits and dynamical mass ratios (q) for the EB sample, two of which we showcase in this paper. This orbital information is combined with Kepler photometry to derive orbital inclination, dynamical masses of the system components, radii, and temperatures. These measurements are directly applicable for benchmarking stellar models that are integrating the next generation of improvements, such as the magnetic suppression of convection efficiency, updated opacity tables, and fine-tuned equations of state. We selected our EB sample to include systems with low-mass (M ≾ 0.8 M⊙) primary or secondary components, as well as many EBs expected to populate the relatively sparse parameter space below ~0.5 M⊙. In this paper, we describe our EB sample and the analytical techniques we are utilizing, and also present masses and radii for two systems that inhabit particularly underpopulated regions of mass–radius–period space: KIC 2445134 and KIC 3003991. Our joint spectroscopic and photometric analysis of KIC 2445134 (q = 0.411 ± 0.001) yields masses and radii of M_A = 1.29 ± 0.03 M⊙, M_B = 0.53 ± 0.01 M⊙, R_A = 1.42 ± 0.01 R⊙, R_B = 0.510 ± 0.004 R⊙, and a temperature ratio of T_B/T_A = 0.635 ± 0.001; our analysis of KIC 3003991 (q = 0.298 ± 0.006) yields M_A = 0.74 ± 0.04 M⊙, M_B = 0.222 ± 0.007 M⊙, R_A = 0.84 ± 0.01 R⊙, R_B = 0.250 ± 0.004 R⊙, and a temperature ratio of T_B/T_A = 0.662 ± 0.001.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
Mahadevan, Suvrath0000-0001-9596-7983
Bender, Chad F.0000-0003-4384-7220
Hambleton, Kelly0000-0001-5473-856X
Fleming, Scott W.0000-0003-0556-027X
Conroy, Kyle0000-0002-5442-8550
Hebb, Leslie0000-0003-1263-8637
Roy, Arpita0000-0001-8127-5775
Prša, Andrej0000-0002-1913-0281
Additional Information:© 2019 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2018 November 9; revised 2019 July 30; accepted 2019 July 30; published 2019 October 17. We acknowledge support from two NASA ADAP grants (NNX13AF32G and 16-ADAP16-0201), and NSF grant AST 1517592 for this project. This work was partially supported by funding from the Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds. The Center for Exoplanets and Habitable Worlds is supported by the Pennsylvania State University, the Eberly College of Science, and the Pennsylvania Space Grant Consortium. We acknowledge support from NSF grants AST 1006676 and AST 1126413 in our pursuit of precision radial velocities in the NIR. This research has made use of the SIMBAD database, operated at CDS, Strasbourg, France. This publication makes use of data products from the Two Micron All Sky Survey, which is a joint project of the University of Massachusetts and the Infrared Processing and Analysis Center/California Institute of Technology, funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the National Science Foundation. Finally, we acknowledge the thorough review of the anonymous reviewer whose comments saved us from a small embarrassment. This work was based on observations with the SDSS 2.5 m telescope. Funding for SDSS-III has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Energy of Science. The SDSS-III website is SDSS-III is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium for the Participating Institutions of the SDSS-III Collaboration including the University of Arizona, the Brazilian Participation Group, Brookhaven National Laboratory, University of Cambridge, Carnegie Mellon University, University of Florida, the French Participation Group, the German Participation Group, Harvard University, the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias, the Michigan State/Notre Dame/JINA Participation Group, Johns Hopkins University, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Max Planck Institute for Astrophysics, Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, New Mexico State University, New York University, Ohio State University, Pennsylvania State University, University of Portsmouth, Princeton University, the Spanish Participation Group, University of Tokyo, University of Utah, Vanderbilt University, University of Virginia, University of Washington, and Yale University. Data presented herein were also obtained at the Hobby–Eberly Telescope (HET), a joint project of the University of Texas at Austin, the Pennsylvania State University, Stanford University, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, and Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. The HET is named in honor of its principal benefactors, William P. Hobby and Robert E. Eberly.
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Center for Exoplanets and Habitable WorldsUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Eberly College of ScienceUNSPECIFIED
Pennsylvania Space Grant ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:binaries: eclipsing – stars: fundamental parameters – stars: low-mass – techniques: photometric – techniques: radial velocities – techniques: spectroscopic
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191017-155057404
Persistent URL:
Official Citation:Suvrath Mahadevan et al 2019 ApJ 884 126
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:99344
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:19 Oct 2019 04:27
Last Modified:13 Dec 2019 03:32

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