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Detection of a 50° long Trailing Tidal Tail for the Globular Cluster M5

Grillmair, Carl J. (2019) Detection of a 50° long Trailing Tidal Tail for the Globular Cluster M5. Astrophysical Journal, 884 (2). Art. No. 174. ISSN 1538-4357. https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191023-154608045

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Abstract

Using photometry and proper motions from Gaia Data Release 2, we detect a 50° long stream of about 70 stars extending westward from the halo globular cluster M5. Based on the similarities in distance, proper motions, inferred color–magnitude distribution, and trajectory, we identify this stream as the trailing tidal tail of M5. While the surface density of stars is very low (≃1.5 star per square degree, or ≈35 mag per square arcsecond), selecting only stars with proper motions consistent with the orbit of the cluster yields a detection significance of ≈10σ. While we find a possible continuation of the stream to ≈85°, increasing foreground contamination combined with a greater predicted stream distance makes it difficult to detect with current data even if the stream continues unabated. The nonuniform distribution of stars in the stream appears to be consistent with episodic tidal stripping, with the most recently shed stars now trailing the cluster by tens of degrees. We provide a table of the highest-ranked candidate stream stars for ongoing and future spectroscopic surveys.


Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription
https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/ab441dDOIArticle
https://arxiv.org/abs/1909.05927arXivDiscussion Paper
ORCID:
AuthorORCID
Grillmair, Carl J.0000-0003-4072-169X
Alternate Title:Detection of a 50 degree-long Trailing Tidal Tail for the Globular Cluster M5
Additional Information:© 2019 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2019 June 8; revised 2019 September 1; accepted 2019 September 11; published 2019 October 23. This work has made use of data from the European Space Agency (ESA) mission Gaia (https://www.cosmos.esa.int/gaia), processed by the Gaia Data Processing and Analysis Consortium (DPAC, https://www.cosmos.esa.int/web/gaia/dpac/consortium). Funding for the DPAC has been provided by national institutions, in particular, the institutions participating in the Gaia Multilateral Agreement. The Pan-STARRS1 Surveys (PS1) have been made possible through contributions by the Institute for Astronomy, the University of Hawaii, the Pan-STARRS Project Office, the Max-Planck Society and its participating institutes, the Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Heidelberg and the Max Planck Institute for Extraterrestrial Physics, Garching, The Johns Hopkins University, Durham University, the University of Edinburgh, the Queen's University Belfast, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, the Las Cumbres Observatory Global Telescope Network Incorporated, the National Central University of Taiwan, the Space Telescope Science Institute, and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration under grant No. NNX08AR22G issued through the Planetary Science Division of the NASA Science Mission Directorate, the National Science Foundation grant No. AST-1238877, the University of Maryland, Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE), and the Los Alamos National Laboratory. Funding for the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS) has been provided by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Participating Institutions, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Japanese Monbukagakusho, and the Max Planck Society. The SDSS website is http://www.sdss.org/. The SDSS is managed by the Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC) for the Participating Institutions. The Participating Institutions are The University of Chicago, Fermilab, the Institute for Advanced Study, the Japan Participation Group, The Johns Hopkins University, Los Alamos National Laboratory, the Max-Planck-Institute for Astronomy (MPIA), the Max-Planck-Institute for Astrophysics (MPA), New Mexico State University, University of Pittsburgh, Princeton University, the United States Naval Observatory, and the University of Washington. Facilities: Gaia - , PS1 - , Sloan. -
Group:Infrared Processing and Analysis Center (IPAC)
Funders:
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Gaia Multilateral AgreementUNSPECIFIED
NASANNX08AR22G
NSFAST-1238877
University of MarylandUNSPECIFIED
Eotvos Lorand University (ELTE)UNSPECIFIED
Los Alamos National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Alfred P. Sloan FoundationUNSPECIFIED
Participating InstitutionsUNSPECIFIED
Department of Energy (DOE)UNSPECIFIED
Japanese MonbukagakushoUNSPECIFIED
Max Planck SocietyUNSPECIFIED
Subject Keywords:Galaxy: Halo – Galaxy: Structure – Globular Clusters: general – Globular Clusters: individual (M5)
Issue or Number:2
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191023-154608045
Persistent URL:https://resolver.caltech.edu/CaltechAUTHORS:20191023-154608045
Official Citation:Carl J. Grillmair 2019 ApJ 884 174
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:99424
Collection:CaltechAUTHORS
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:23 Oct 2019 22:53
Last Modified:23 Oct 2019 22:53

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