A Caltech Library Service

Detection of Cross-Correlation between Gravitational Lensing and γ Rays

Ammazzalorso, S. and Eifler, T. F. and Goldstein, D. A. (2020) Detection of Cross-Correlation between Gravitational Lensing and γ Rays. Physical Review Letters, 124 (10). Art. No. 101102. ISSN 0031-9007.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Creative Commons Attribution.

[img] PDF - Submitted Version
See Usage Policy.

[img] PDF (theoretical details and methods description not necessary in the main text and it includes additional checks and figures. All changes to the text for the resubmission are highlighted in red) - Supplemental Material
See Usage Policy.


Use this Persistent URL to link to this item:


In recent years, many γ-ray sources have been identified, yet the unresolved component hosts valuable information on the faintest emission. In order to extract it, a cross-correlation with gravitational tracers of matter in the Universe has been shown to be a promising tool. We report here the first identification of a cross-correlation signal between γ rays and the distribution of mass in the Universe probed by weak gravitational lensing. We use data from the Dark Energy Survey Y1 weak lensing data and the Fermi Large Area Telescope 9-yr γ-ray data, obtaining a signal-to-noise ratio of 5.3. The signal is mostly localized at small angular scales and high γ-ray energies, with a hint of correlation at extended separation. Blazar emission is likely the origin of the small-scale effect. We investigate implications of the large-scale component in terms of astrophysical sources and particle dark matter emission.

Item Type:Article
Related URLs:
URLURL TypeDescription Paper InPhysics : Viewpoint
Eifler, T. F.0000-0002-1894-3301
Goldstein, D. A.0000-0003-3461-8661
Alternate Title:Detection of cross-correlation between gravitational lensing and gamma rays
Additional Information:© 2020 Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article’s title, journal citation, and DOI. Received 22 August 2019; revised manuscript received 14 December 2019; accepted 13 January 2020; published 9 March 2020. We warmly acknowledge Mattia Fornasa for his collaboration in the early phases of this project. This work is supported by “Departments of Excellence” grant awarded by the Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (MIUR) L. 232/2016; research grant “The Anisotropic Dark Universe” No. CSTO161409, funded by Compagnia di Sanpaolo and University of Turin; Research grant TAsP (Theoretical Astroparticle Physics) funded INFN; research grant “The Dark Universe: A Synergic Multimessenger Approach” No. 2017X7X85K funded by MIUR; research grant “From Darklight to Dark Matter: Understanding the galaxy/matter connection to measure the Universe” No. 20179P3PKJ funded by MIUR; research grant “Deciphering the high-energy sky via cross correlation” funded by Accordo Attuativo ASI-INAF No. 2017-14-H.0. This work was supported by the Department of Energy, Laboratory Directed Research and Development program at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, under Contract No. DE-AC02-76SF00515 and the support D. G. received from a Panofsky Fellowship. Support for D. G. was also provided by Chandra Grant No. GO8-19101A, issued by the Chandra X-ray Observatory Center. S. C. is supported by MIUR through Rita Levi Montalcini project “PROMETHEUS—Probing and Relating Observables with Multi-Wavelength Experiments to Help Enlightening the Universe’s Structure.” S. A. was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grants No. No. JP17H04836, No. JP18H04578, and No. JP18H04340. This work was supported in part by the U.S. Department of Energy under Award No. DE-AC02-76SF00515. Funding for the DES Projects has been provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Ministry of Science and Education of Spain, the Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom, the Higher Education Funding Council for England, the National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, the Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at The Ohio State University, the Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University, Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos, Fundação Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico and the Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, and the Collaborating Institutions in the Dark Energy Survey. The Collaborating Institutions are Argonne National Laboratory, the University of California at Santa Cruz, the University of Cambridge, Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas-Madrid, the University of Chicago, University College London, the DES-Brazil Consortium, the University of Edinburgh, the Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zürich, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Institut de Ciències de l’Espai (IEEC/CSIC), the Institut de Física d’Altes Energies, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, the Ludwig-Maximilians Universität München and the associated Excellence Cluster Universe, the University of Michigan, the National Optical Astronomy Observatory, the University of Nottingham, The Ohio State University, the University of Pennsylvania, the University of Portsmouth, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Stanford University, the University of Sussex, Texas A&M University, and the OzDES Membership Consortium. Based in part on observations at Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with the National Science Foundation. The DES data management system is supported by the National Science Foundation under Grants No. AST-1138766 and No. AST-1536171. The DES participants from Spanish institutions are partially supported by MINECO under Grants No. AYA2015-71825, No. ESP2015-66861, No. FPA2015-68048, No. SEV-2016-0588, No. SEV-2016-0597, and No. MDM-2015-0509, some of which include ERDF funds from the European Union. I. F. A. E. is partially funded by the CERCA program of the Generalitat de Catalunya. Research leading to these results has received funding from the European Research Council under the European Union’s Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) including ERC Grants No. 240672, No. 291329, and No. 306478. We acknowledge support from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for All-sky Astrophysics (CAASTRO), through Project No. CE110001020, and the Brazilian Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia (INCT) e-Universe (CNPq Grant No. 465376/2014-2). This manuscript has been authored by employees of Fermi Research Alliance, LLC under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11359 with the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics. The U.S. Government retains and the publisher, by accepting the article for publication, acknowledges that the U.S. Government retains a nonexclusive, paid-up, irrevocable, worldwide license to publish or reproduce the published form of this manuscript or allows others to do so for U.S. Government purposes. This Letter has gone through internal review by the DES collaboration.
Funding AgencyGrant Number
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca (MIUR)232/2016
Compagnia di San PaoloCSTO161409
University of TurinUNSPECIFIED
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca (MIUR)2017X7X85K
Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita e della Ricerca (MIUR)20179P3PKJ
Agenzia Spaziale Italiana (ASI)2017-14-H.0
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP17H04836
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP18H04578
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)JP18H04340
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-76SF00515
Ministerio de Educación y Ciencia (MEC)UNSPECIFIED
Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)UNSPECIFIED
Higher Education Funding Council for EnglandUNSPECIFIED
University of Illinois Urbana-ChampaignUNSPECIFIED
University of ChicagoUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Texas A&M UniversityUNSPECIFIED
Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos (FINEP)UNSPECIFIED
Fundaçao Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ)UNSPECIFIED
Ministerio da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (MCTI)UNSPECIFIED
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG)UNSPECIFIED
Argonne National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
University of California Santa CruzUNSPECIFIED
University of CambridgeUNSPECIFIED
Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas, Medioambientales y TecnológicasUNSPECIFIED
University College LondonUNSPECIFIED
DES-Brazil ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
University of EdinburghUNSPECIFIED
Fermi National Accelerator LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Institut de Ciències de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC)UNSPECIFIED
Lawrence Berkeley National LaboratoryUNSPECIFIED
Ludwig-Maximilians Universität MünchenUNSPECIFIED
Excellence Cluster UniverseUNSPECIFIED
University of MichiganUNSPECIFIED
National Optical Astronomy ObservatoryUNSPECIFIED
University of NottinghamUNSPECIFIED
Ohio State UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of PennsylvaniaUNSPECIFIED
University of PortsmouthUNSPECIFIED
Stanford Linear Accelerator CenterUNSPECIFIED
Stanford UniversityUNSPECIFIED
University of SussexUNSPECIFIED
OzDES Membership ConsortiumUNSPECIFIED
Generalitat de CatalunyaUNSPECIFIED
European Research Council (ERC)240672
European Research Council (ERC)291329
European Research Council (ERC)306478
Australian Research CouncilCE110001020
Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq)465376/2014-2
Department of Energy (DOE)DE-AC02-07CH11359
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)AYA2015-71825
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)ESP2015-66861
Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO)FPA2015-68048
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2016-0588
Centro de Excelencia Severo OchoaSEV-2016-0597
Programa Estatal de Fomento de la Investigación Científica y Técnica de Excelencia María de MaeztuMDM-2015-0509
European Union Regional Development FundUNSPECIFIED
Issue or Number:10
Record Number:CaltechAUTHORS:20191121-142917617
Persistent URL:
Usage Policy:No commercial reproduction, distribution, display or performance rights in this work are provided.
ID Code:99998
Deposited By: Tony Diaz
Deposited On:21 Nov 2019 23:13
Last Modified:10 Mar 2020 16:13

Repository Staff Only: item control page