Welcome to the new version of CaltechAUTHORS. Login is currently restricted to library staff. If you notice any issues, please email coda@library.caltech.edu
Published December 28, 2006 | Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Experimental Anion Affinities for the Air/Water Interface


Anion affinities, γ_(X^−), for the aerial interface of aqueous (Br^- + NO_3^- + I^- + SCN^- + BF_4^- + ClO_4^-) solutions are determined by electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. The composition of the ions ejected from the surface of fissioning nanodroplets shows that γ_X(−^ )increase (decrease) exponentially with anionic radii, a_(X−(dehydration free energies, ^dG_(X^−)), and selectively respond to the presence of surfactants. BF_4^-, the least hydrated and polarizable anion of the set, has one of the largest γ_(X^−) values. Non-ionic surfactants decrease γ_(I^−) and γ_(SCN^−) but increase γ_(BF_4^−). Cetyltrimethyl ammonium markedly enhances the γ_(X^−) of smaller anions. A similar but weaker effect is observed upon lowering the pH of the bulk solutions from 8.2 to 3.0. Dodecyl sulfate has a negligible effect on γ_(X^−). Considering that (i) universal many-body electrodynamic interactions will progressively stabilize the interfacial layer as its dielectric permittivity falls relative to that of the bulk solution and (ii) water permittivity is uniformly depressed by increasing concentrations of these anions, we infer that the observed Hofmeister correlation, ln γ_(X^−) ∝ - ^dG_(X^−), is consistent with the optimal depression of the permittivity of the drier interfacial layer by the least hydrated ions. Interfacial ion−ion interactions can significantly influence γ_(X^−) in environmental aqueous media.

Additional Information

© 2006 American Chemical Society. Received: September 21, 2006; In Final Form: November 1, 2006. This work was financed by NSF grant ATM-0534990.

Attached Files

Supplemental Material - jp066197ksi20061101_052539.pdf


Files (32.2 kB)
Name Size Download all
32.2 kB Preview Download

Additional details

August 19, 2023
October 23, 2023