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Published December 2009 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Geometric control of particle manipulation in a two-dimensional fluid


Manipulation of particles suspended in fluids is crucial for many applications, such as precision machining, chemical processes, bio-engineering, and self-feeding of microorganisms. In this paper, we study the problem of particle manipulation by cyclic fluid boundary excitations from a geometric-control viewpoint. We focus on the simplified problem of manipulating a single particle by generating controlled cyclic motion of a circular rigid body in a two-dimensional perfect fluid. We show that the drift in the particle location after one cyclic motion of the body can be interpreted as the geometric phase of a connection induced by the system's hydrodynamics. We then formulate the problem as a control system, and derive a geometric criterion for its nonlinear controllability. Moreover, by exploiting the geometric structure of the system, we explicitly construct a feedback-based gait that results in attraction of the particle towards the rigid body. We argue that our gait is robust and model-independent, and demonstrate it in both perfect fluid and Stokes fluid.

Additional Information

© 2009 IEEE. YO is supported by a Fulbright Postdoctoral Fellowship and a Bikura Postdoctoral Scholarship of the Israeli Science Foundation. JV is supported by a Postdoctoral Fellowship of the Research Foundation — Flanders (FWO-Vlaanderen).

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