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Published July 10, 2017 | Published + Submitted
Journal Article Open

Abundant Methanol Ice toward a Massive Young Stellar Object in the Central Molecular Zone


Previous radio observations revealed widespread gas-phase methanol (CH_3OH) in the Central Molecular Zone (CMZ) at the Galactic center (GC), but its origin remains unclear. Here, we report the discovery of CH_3OH ice toward a star in the CMZ, based on a Subaru 3.4–4.0 μm spectrum, aided by NASA/IRTF L' imaging and 2–4 μm spectra. The star lies ~8000 au away in projection from a massive young stellar object (MYSO). Its observed high CH_3OH ice abundance (17% ± 3% relative to H_2O ice) suggests that the 3.535 μm CH_3OH ice absorption likely arises in the MYSO's extended envelope. However, it is also possible that CH_3OH ice forms with a higher abundance in dense clouds within the CMZ, compared to within the disk. Either way, our result implies that gas-phase CH_3OH in the CMZ can be largely produced by desorption from icy grains. The high solid CH_3OH abundance confirms the prominent 15.4 μm shoulder absorption observed toward GC MYSOs arises from CO_2 ice mixed with CH_3OH.

Additional Information

© 2017 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2017 May 23; revised 2017 June 23; accepted 2017 June 29; published 2017 July 13. D.A. acknowledges support provided by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (NRF-2015R1D1A1A09058700) and by the Korean NRF to the Center for Galaxy Evolution Research (No. 2010-0027910). Facilities: IRTF - Infrared Telescope Facility, Subaru. - Subaru Telescope. Based in part on data collected at Subaru Telescope, which is operated by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan.

Attached Files

Submitted - 1707.03120.pdf

Published - An_2017_ApJL_843_L36.pdf


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August 19, 2023
August 19, 2023