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Published June 1, 2006 | Published
Journal Article Open

Measurement of branching fractions and CP-violating charge asymmetries for B-meson decays to D^(*)D^(*), and implications for the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa angle γ


We present measurements of the branching fractions and charge asymmetries of B decays to all D^(*)D^(*) modes. Using 232×10^6 BB pairs recorded on the Υ(4S) resonance by the BABAR detector at the e^+e^- asymmetric B factory PEP-II at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, we measure the branching fractions B(B^0→D^(*+)D^(*-))=(8.1±0.6±1.0)×10^(-4), B(B^0→D^(*±)D^∓)=(5.7±0.7±0.7)×10^(-4), B(B^0→D^+D^-)=(2.8±0.4±0.5)×10^(-4), B(B^+→D^(*+)D^(*0))=(8.1±1.2±1.2)×10^(-4), B(B^+→D^*+D^0)=(3.6±0.5±0.4)×10^(-4), B(B^+→D^+D^(*0))=(6.3±1.4±1.0)×10^(-4), and B(B^+→D^+D^(0))=(3.8±0.6±0.5)×10^(-4), where in each case the first uncertainty is statistical and the second systematic. We also determine the limits B(B^0→D^(*0)D^(*0))<0.9×10^(-4), B(B^0→D^(*0)D^0)<2.9×10^(-4), and B(B^0→D^0D^0)<0.6×10^(-4), each at 90% confidence level. All decays above denote either member of a charge-conjugate pair. We also determine the CP-violating charge asymmetries A(B^0→D^(*±)D^∓)=0.03±0.10±0.02, A(B^+→D^(*+)D^(*0))=-0.15±0.11±0.02, A(B^+→D^(*+)D^0)=-0.06±0.13±0.02, A(B^+→D^+D^(*0))=0.13±0.18±0.04, and A(B^+→D^+D^0)=-0.13±0.14±0.02. Additionally, when we combine these results with information from time-dependent CP asymmetries in B^0→D^((*)+)D^((*)-) decays and world-averaged branching fractions of B decays to D_s^(*)D^(*) modes, we find the Cabibbo-Kobayashi-Maskawa phase γ is favored to lie in the range (0.07–2.77) radians (with a +0 or +π radians ambiguity) at 68% confidence level.

Additional Information

© 2006 The American Physical Society. Received 17 April 2006; published 9 June 2006. We are grateful for the extraordinary contributions of our PEP-II colleagues in achieving the excellent luminosity and machine conditions that have made this work possible. The success of this project also relies critically on the expertise and dedication of the computing organizations that support BABAR. The collaborating institutions wish to thank SLAC for its support and the kind hospitality extended to them. This work is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy and National Science Foundation, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), Institute of High Energy Physics (China), the Commissariat à l'Energie Atomique and Institut National de Physique Nucléaire et de Physique des Particules (France), the Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung and Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (Germany), the Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (Italy), the Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter (The Netherlands), the Research Council of Norway, the Ministry of Science and Technology of the Russian Federation, and the Particle Physics and Astronomy Research Council (United Kingdom). Individuals have received support from CONACyT (Mexico), the Marie-Curie Intra-European Fellowship program (European Union), the A. P. Sloan Foundation, the Research Corporation, and the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation.

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