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Published June 2019 | metadata_only
Journal Article

Topology and polarity of dislocation cores dictate the mechanical strength of monolayer MoS_2


In contrast to homoelemental graphene showing common dislocation dipole with pentagon-heptagon (5|7) core, heteroelemental MoS2 is observed to contain diverse dislocation cores that tune the chemical and physical properties. Yet, how the inevitable dislocation cores in MoS_2 affect the mechanical behaviours remains virtually unexplored. Herein, we report direct atomistic simulations of mechanical characteristics of isolated dislocation-embedded MoS_2 monolayers under tensile load. All isolated dislocation cores in MoS_2 monolayer rise polar stress-concentration, while those with larger Burgers vector are less energetically-favorable configurations but show local wrinkling behaviour. It is revealed that the intrinsic tensile strength of MoS_2 is dictated by topology and polarity of dislocation cores. There is a strong inverse correlation between the maximum residual stresses induced by the dislocation cores and the strength of MoS_2 monolayers. Mechanical failure initiates from the bond at dislocation polygon on which side there is a missing atomic chain. Armchair-oriented 4|8 dislocation exhibits sole brittle failure, however, dual brittle/ductile fractures occur in zigzag-oriented dislocations; Mo-S-Mo angle-oriented crack is brittle, while the S-Mo-S angle-oriented crack becomes ductile. Our findings shed sights on mechanical design of heteroelemental 2D materials via dislocation engineering for practical application.

Additional Information

© 2019 Elsevier Ltd. Received 13 October 2018, Revised 30 November 2018, Accepted 31 December 2018, Available online 12 January 2019.

Additional details

August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023