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Published April 28, 2020 | Published + Supplemental Material
Journal Article Open

Spatio-temporal-spectral imaging of non-repeatable dissipative soliton dynamics


Dissipative solitons (DSs) are multi-dimensionally localized waves that arise from complex dynamical balances in far-from-equilibrium nonlinear systems and widely exist in physics, chemistry and biology. Real-time observations of DS dynamics across many dimensions thus have a broad impact on unveiling various nonlinear complexities in different fields. However, these observations are challenging as DS transitions are stochastic, non-repeatable and often strongly coupled across spatio-temporal-spectral (STS) domains. Here we report multi-dimensional (space xy + discrete time t + wavelength λ) DS dynamics imaged by STS compressed ultrafast photography, enabling imaging at up to trillions of frames per second. Various transient and random phenomena of multimode DSs are revealed, highlighting the importance of real-time multi-dimensional observation without the need for event repetition in decomposing the complexities of DSs.

Additional Information

© The Author(s) 2020. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/. Received 27 September 2019; Accepted 23 March 2020; Published 28 April 2020. Authors thank Dr. Stuart Murdoch and Dr. Stéphane Coen for providing the long mirror pair, Dr. Zhongmin Yang and Dr. Changsheng Yang for providing the high power pump laser and signal/pump combiner, Dr. Zhongping Chen for providing the GRIN fiber, and Dr. Yiqing Xu for fruitful discussions. This work was supported in part by National Institutes of Health grant R01 CA186567 (NIH Director's Transformative Research Award). Data availability: All data used in this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Code availability: All custom codes used in this study are available from the corresponding author upon reasonable request. Author Contributions: X.W. built the dissipative soliton fiber laser systems and the FACED set-up. J.C.J. built the CUP unit. J.C.J. and X.W. captured the data. J.C.J. processed all the STS-CUP data. L.V.W. supervised the project. All authors wrote and revised the manuscript. Competing interests: L.V.W. has a patent for the CUP technology, WO2016085571A3. The other authors declare no competing interests.

Attached Files

Published - s41467-020-15900-x.pdf

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM1_ESM.pdf

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM2_ESM.pdf

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM3_ESM.avi

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM4_ESM.mp4

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM5_ESM.mp4

Supplemental Material - 41467_2020_15900_MOESM6_ESM.mp4


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