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Published March 2009 | metadata_only
Journal Article

Computational assessment of ballistic impact on a high strength structural steel/polyurea composite plate


Ballistic impact on a polyurea retrofitted high strength structural steel plate is simulated and validated. A soft material model for polyurea, which is capable of capturing complex mechanical behavior characterized by large strains, hysteresis, rate sensitivity, stress softening (Mullins effect), and deviatoric and volumetric plasticity, is calibrated against several uniaxial tension experiments and a three-dimensional release wave experiment to capture both the material point and bulk behaviors. A porous plasticity model is employed to model the high strength structural steel and localization elements are included to capture adiabatic shear bands and strain localization. The computational capabilities of these models are demonstrated by the prediction of the target plate displacement, which shows excellent agreement with experiments.

Additional Information

© Springer-Verlag 2008. Received: 21 March 2008 / Accepted: 25 July 2008 / Published online: 27 August 2008. The authors would like to thank the Office of Naval Research (ONR) for their invaluable support via grant number N00014-04-1-0359. The authors would also like to thank Professor R. J. Clifton and Tong Jiao from Brown University for providing the release-wave experimental data and C. M. Roland from the Naval Research Laboratory in Washington D.C. for providing the polyurea tension experimental data. Also acknowledged are Philip Dudt and Gilbert Lee of the Naval Surface Warfare Center, Carderock Division for providing funds for the impact experiment and Jeffry Fedderly of the Carderock Division for providing the steel/polyurea target.

Additional details

August 21, 2023
August 21, 2023