Hairpin Peptide Motif. A New Class of Oligopeptides for Sequence-Specific Recognition in the Minor Groove of Double-Helical DNA
Peptides which bind in the minor groove of DNA as antiparallel side-by-side dimers can be linked head-to-tail to afford a new class of hairpin oligopeptides with enhanced sequence specificity for DNA. Four hexapeptides were synthesized wherein the terminal amine and carboxyl groups of tris(N-methylpyrrolecarboxamide) (P3) and N-methylimidazole-2-carboxamide-netropsin (2-ImN), respectively, have been connected with glycine (Gly), β-alanine (βAla), 4-aminobutyric acid (GABA), and 5-aminovaleric acid (Ava) amino acids. The hexapeptide 2-ImN-GABA-P3 binds 5'-TGTTA-3' sites with a binding affinity of 7.6 X 10^7 M^(-1) (10 mM Tris·HCl, 10 mM KCl, 10 mM MgCl_2, and 5 mM CaCl_2 at pH 7.0 and 22 °C). The general and efficient synthetic methodology-for preparation of head-to-tail linked peptides should allow the design of a new class of hairpin peptides for specific recognition of many different sequences in the minor groove of DNA.
© 1994 American Chemical Society. Received March 7, 1994. We are grateful to the National Institutes of Health (Grant GM-27681) for research support, the Ralph M. Parsons Foundation for a Graduate Fellowship to M.M., and a National Institutes of Health Research Service Award to M.E.P.