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Published December 2016 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Exploring nonlinear subgrid-scale models and new characteristic length scales for large-eddy simulation


We study subgrid-scale modeling for large-eddy simulation of anisotropic turbulent flows on anisotropic grids. In particular, we show how the addition of a velocity-gradient-based nonlinear model term to an eddy viscosity model provides a better representation of energy transfer. This is shown to lead to improved predictions of rotating and nonrotating homogeneous isotropic turbulence. %We furthermore show that spanwise-rotating turbulent plane-channel flows form a challenging test case for large-eddy simulation. Our research further focuses on calculation of the subgrid characteristic length, a key element for any eddy viscosity model. In the current work, we propose a new formulation of this quantity based on a Taylor series expansion of the subgrid stress tensor in the computational space. Numerical tests of decaying homogeneous isotropic turbulence and a plane-channel flow illustrate the robustness of this flow-dependent characteristic length scale with respect to mesh anisotropy.

Additional Information

We are grateful to Stefan Hickel for his assistance in setting up numerical simulations of rotating homogeneous isotropic turbulence. The authors also acknowledge use of computational resources from the Certainty cluster awarded by the National Science Foundation to CTR.

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