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Published October 24, 1994 | public
Journal Article Open

Metallic glass formation in highly undercooled Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5 during containerless electrostatic levitation processing


Various sample sizes of Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5 with masses up to 80 mg were undercooled below Tg (the glass transition temperature) while electrostatically levitated. The final solidification product of the sample was determined by x-ray diffraction to have an amorphous phase. Differential scanning calorimetry was used to confirm the absence of crystallinity in the processes sample. The amorphous phase could be formed only after heating the samples above the melting temperature for extended periods of time in order to break down and dissolve oxides or other contaminants which would otherwise initiate heterogeneous nucleation of crystals. Noncontact pyrometry was used to monitor the sample temperature throughout processing. The critical cooling rate required to avoid crystallization during solidification of the Zr41.2Ti13.8Cu12.5Ni10.0Be22.5 alloy fell between 0.9 and 1.2 K/s.

Additional Information

©1994 American Institute of Physics. (Received 13 June 1994; accepted 23 August 1994) The authors gratefully acknowledge the support of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (Grant No. NAG8-954) and the Humboldt Foundation via the Feodor Lynen Program. This work was carried out at the JPL, California Institute of Technology, under contract with the National Aeronautic and Space Administration.


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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023