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Published May 2021 | Submitted
Journal Article Open

Search for electron-antineutrinos associated with gravitational-wave events GW150914, GW151012, GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817 at Daya Bay

An, F. P.
Balantekin, A. B.
Band, H. R.
Bishai, M.
Blyth, S.
Cao, G. F.
Cao, J.
Chang, J. F.
Chang, Y.
Chen, H. S.
Chen, S. M.
Chen, Y.
Chen, Y. X.
Cheng, J.
Cheng, Z. K.
Cherwinka, J. J.
Chu, M. C.
Cummings, J. P.
Dalager, O.
Deng, F. S.
Ding, Y. Y.
Diwan, M. V.
Dohnal, T.
Dove, J.
Dvořák, M.
Dwyer, D. A.
Gallo, J. P.
Gonchar, M.
Gong, G. H.
Gong, H.
Gu, W. Q.
Guo, J. Y.
Guo, L.
Guo, X. H.
Guo, Y. H.
Guo, Z.
Hackenburg, R. W.
Hans, S.
He, M.
Heeger, K. M.
Heng, Y. K.
Higuera, A.
Hor, Y. K.
Hsiung, Y. B.
Hu, B. Z.
Hu, J. R.
Hu, T.
Hu, Z. J.
Huang, H. X.
Huang, X. T.
Huang, Y. B.
Huber, P.
Jaffe, D. E.
Jen, K. L.
Ji, X. L.
Ji, X. P.
Johnson, R. A.
Jones, D.
Kang, L.
Kettell, S. H.
Kohn, S.
Kramer, M.
Langford, T. J.
Lee, J.
Lee, J. H. C.
Lei, R. T.
Leitner, R.
Leung, J. K. C.
Li, F.
Li, J. J.
Li, Q. J.
Li, S.
Li, S. C.
Li, W. D.
Li, X. N.
Li, X. Q.
Li, Y. F.
Li, Z. B.
Liang, H.
Lin, C. J.
Lin, G. L.
Lin, S.
Ling, J. J.
Link, J. M.
Littenberg, L.
Littlejohn, B. R.
Liu, J. C.
Liu, J. L.
Lu, C.
Lu, H. Q.
Lu, J. S.
Luk, K. B.
Ma, X. B.
Ma, X. Y.
Ma, Y. Q.
Marshall, C.
Martinez Caicedo, D. A.
McDonald, K. T.
McKeown, R. D.
Meng, Y.
Napolitano, J.
Naumov, D.
Naumova, E.
Ochoa-Ricoux, J. P.
Olshevskiy, A.
Pan, H. -R.
Park, J.
Patton, S.
Peng, J. C.
Pun, C. S. J.
Qi, F. Z.
Qi, M.
Qian, X.
Raper, N.
Ren, J.
Morales Reveco, C.
Rosero, R.
Roskovec, B.
Ruan, X. C.
Steiner, H.
Sun, J. L.
Tmej, T.
Treskov, K.
Tse, W. -H.
Tull, C. E.
Viren, B.
Vorobel, V.
Wang, C. H.
Wang, J.
Wang, M.
Wang, N. Y.
Wang, R. G.
Wang, W.
Wang, W.
Wang, X.
Wang, Y.
Wang, Y. F.
Wang, Z.
Wang, Z.
Wang, Z. M.
Wei, H. Y.
Wei, L. H.
Wen, L. J.
Whisnant, K.
White, C. G.
Wong, H. L. H.
Worcester, E.
Wu, D. R.
Wu, F. L.
Wu, Q.
Wu, W. J.
Xia, D. M.
Xie, Z. Q.
Xing, Z. Z.
Xu, J. L.
Xu, T.
Xue, T.
Yang, C. G.
Yang, L.
Yang, Y. Z.
Yao, H. F.
Ye, M.
Yeh, M.
Young, B. L.
Yu, H. Z.
Yu, Z. Y.
Yue, B. B.
Zeng, S.
Zeng, Y.
Zhan, L.
Zhang, C.
Zhang, F. Y.
Zhang, H. H.
Zhang, J. W.
Zhang, Q. M.
Zhang, X. T.
Zhang, Y. M.
Zhang, Y. X.
Zhang, Y. Y.
Zhang, Z. J.
Zhang, Z. P.
Zhang, Z. Y.
Zhao, J.
Zhou, L.
Zhuang, H. L.
Zou, J. H.


The establishment of a possible connection between neutrino emission and gravitational-wave (GW) bursts is important to our understanding of the physical processes that occur when black holes or neutron stars merge. In the Daya Bay experiment, using the data collected from December 2011 to August 2017, a search was performed for electron-antineutrino signals that coincided with detected GW events, including GW150914, GW151012, GW151226, GW170104, GW170608, GW170814, and GW170817. We used three time windows of ±10, ±500, and ±1000 s relative to the occurrence of the GW events and a neutrino energy range of 1.8 to 100 MeV to search for correlated neutrino candidates. The detected electron-antineutrino candidates were consistent with the expected background rates for all the three time windows. Assuming monochromatic spectra, we found upper limits (90% confidence level) of the electron-antineutrino fluence of (1.13 − 2.44)×10¹¹ cm⁻² at 5 MeV to 8.0×10⁷ cm⁻² at 100 MeV for the three time windows. Under the assumption of a Fermi-Dirac spectrum, the upper limits were found to be (5.4 − 7.0)×10⁹ cm⁻² for the three time windows.

Additional Information

© 2021 Chinese Physical Society and the Institute of High Energy Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the Institute of Modern Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and IOP Publishing Ltd. Daya Bay is supported in part by the Ministry of Science and Technology of China, the U.S. Department of Energy, the Chinese Academy of Sciences, the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics, the National Natural Science Foundation of China, the Guangdong provincial government, the Shenzhen municipal government, the China General Nuclear Power Group, Key Laboratory of Particle and Radiation Imaging (Tsinghua University), the Ministry of Education, Key Laboratory of Particle Physics and Particle Irradiation (Shandong University), the Ministry of Education, Shanghai Laboratory for Particle Physics and Cosmology, the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China, the University Development Fund of the University of Hong Kong, the MOE program for Research of Excellence at National Taiwan University, National Chiao-Tung University, NSC fund support from Taiwan, the U.S. National Science Foundation, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Ministry of Education, Youth, and Sports of the Czech Republic, the Charles University GAUK (284317), the Joint Institute of Nuclear Research in Dubna, Russia, the National Commission of Scientific and Technological Research of Chile, and the Tsinghua University Initiative Scientific Research Program.

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August 20, 2023
October 23, 2023