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Published September 15, 1979 | Published
Journal Article Open

Luminescent solar concentrators. 1: Theory of operation and techniques for performance evaluation


Techniques and calculations are presented that give explicit expressions for the over-all performance of a luminescent solar concentrator (LSC) in terms of the intrinsic spectral response and quantum efficiency of its constituents. We examine the single dye (or inorganic ion) LSC with emphasis on the planar geometry. Preliminary data on the degradation of candidate LSC dyes under severe weathering conditions are also given. Armed with our experimental results and analysis of solar absorption, self-absorption, and solar cell efficiency, we present a new genre of solar concentrator with a theory of operation for the device.

Additional Information

© 1979 Optical Society of America. Received 13 April 1979. A.H. Zewail is an Alfred P. Sloan Fellow. Part of this work was done while T. Cole was a Sherman Fairchild Distinguished Scholar at Caltech. This work was supported in part by a contract from the U.S. Department of Energy and in part by ARCO Solar, Inc. We thank L. Freeman, D.L. Garrett, and H. Van One of the Polymer Sciences Department, Ford Engineering and Research Staff, for performing the accelerated weathering tests and for their generous help in the analysis and interpretation of the results. We also thank J. McCaldin of the Applied Physics Department at Caltech for stimulating discussions. This is Contribution 6005 from the California Institute of Technology.

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