Pressure Integrity of 3013 Container Under Postulated Accident Conditions
A series of tests was carried out to determine the threshold for deflagration-to-detonation transition (DDT), structural loading, and structural response of the U.S. Department of Energy 3013 storage systems for the case of an accidental explosion of evolved gas within the storage containers. Three experimental fixtures were used to examine the various issues and three mixtures consisting of either stoichiometric hydrogen-oxygen, stoichiomet richydrogen-oxygen with added nitrogen, or stoichiometric hydrogen-oxygen with an added nitrogen-helium mixture were tested. Tests were carried out as a function of initial pressure from 1 to 3.5 bar and initial temperature from room temperature to 150°C. The elevated temperature tests resulted in a slight increase in the threshold pressure for DDT. The elevated temperature tests were performed to ensure the test results were bounding. Because the change was not significant, the elevated temperature data are not presented in the paper. The explosions were initiated with either a small spark or a hot surface. Based on the results of these tests under the conditions investigated, it can be concluded that DDT of a stoichiometric hydrogen-oxygen mixture (and mixtures diluted with nitrogen and helium) within the 3013 containment system does not pose a threat to the structural integrity of the outer container.
© 2010 Institute of Nuclear Materials Management. Publication Date: 2010-04-01. Funding for this work was provided by the Surveillance and Monitoring Program, U.S. Department of Energy Office of Environmental Management. This work was conducted at California Technology Institute, Los Alamos National Laboratory operated by Los Alamos National Security, LLC under contract DE-AC52-06NA25396 and at the Savannah River National Laboratory operated by Savannah River Nuclear Solutions for the U.S. Department of Energy under contract DE-AC09-08SR22470.
Published - Rawls_2010p43.pdf
Accepted Version - 3013_paper_preprint.pdf