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Published March 1994 | metadata_only
Journal Article

Experimental studies of trace element partitioning in Ca, Al-rich compositions: Anorthite and perovskite


Using electron probe and ion probe techniques, experimental crystal-liquid partition coefficients (D) have been measured in meteoritic Ca,Al-rich inclusion (CAI) compositions for Mg, Zr, Y, and REEs in anorthite and perovskite. Partitioning data for Ti in anorthite and Al in perovskite are also reported. Where cross-comparisons are possible between electron and ion probe data, agreement is good. Concentration variations in anorthite for many elements are beyond what can be explained by fractional crystallization, but show well-defined interelement correlations which could reflect the temperature dependence of the D values or could result from liquid boundary layers. For anorthite our D values for REEs are lower, and they decrease more rapidly with decreasing ionic radius than most in the literature. Most of the older REE D patterns for plagioclase in the literature are too flat because of insufficient purity of mineral separates or because of analytical problems. New ion probe data for minor and trace elements in anorthite from type B CAIs permit detailed comparisons with fractional crystallization models based on the measured D values. For most comparisons, models and observations do not agree for amounts of crystallization less than 90%. It is possible that anorthite does not appear until after 95% crystallization, compared to about 40% which would be expected from isothermal equilibrium crystallization experiments. The LREEs are highly compatible elements in perovskite, but D values drop sharply for the HREEs, Y, and Zr. D values for REEs increase strongly from air to highly reducing conditions as coupled REE-Ti^(+3) substitutions become possible. Model calculations show that REE patterns in igneous perovskites from CAIs will reflect the D pattern, and the models can explain some REE patterns from compact type A CAIs. However, there are other sets of trace element data for perovskite in CAIs that cannot easily be explained by igneous processes.

Additional Information

© 1994 Elsevier Science Ltd. Received 12 March 1993, Accepted 5 November 1993, Available online 3 April 2003. We were aided by reviews from A. El Goresy and two anonymous reviewers. This research was supported by NASA grants NAG 9-54 and NAGW-3340 (Grossman), NAG 9-l11 and NAGW-3384 (Davis), NAG 9-94 and NAGW-1852 (Burnett) and NAG 9-5 1 and NAGW-3345 (R. N. Clayton). Editorial handling: C. Koeberl

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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023