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Published October 2008 | Published
Journal Article Open

Noninvasive photoacoustic imaging of the thoracic cavity and the kidney in small and large animals


The internal organs of rats and rabbits were clearly imaged noninvasively using a deeply penetrating reflection-mode photoacoustic imagingsystem. This imagingsystem had previously been found to provide an imaging depth limit of ∼38mm. In the thoracic cavity, major blood vessels connecting to the heart were imaged, and the right atrium was imaged as deeply as ∼8mm. In the abdominal cavities, the kidney and vena cava inferior were also imagedin situ. The vena cava inferior ∼13.7mm deep was imaged. The kidney of a New Zealand white rabbit was also imaged. This study shows the deep internal organimaging capability of the system in animals. This technology can potentially be used to study tumors in internal organs, and be adapted to clinical diagnosis.

Additional Information

© 2008 American Association of Physicists in Medicine. Received 06 March 2008; Revised 11 August 2008; Accepted 12 August 2008; Published online 17 September 2008. This research is sponsored in part by National Institutes of Health Grants Nos. R01 EB000712 and R01 NS46214 (BRP).

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