CLASH: The Concentration-Mass Relation of Galaxy Clusters
We present a new determination of the concentration–mass (c–M) relation for galaxy clusters based on our comprehensive lensing analysis of 19 X-ray selected galaxy clusters from the Cluster Lensing and Supernova Survey with Hubble (CLASH). Our sample spans a redshift range between 0.19 and 0.89. We combine weak-lensing constraints from the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) and from ground-based wide-field data with strong lensing constraints from HST. The results are reconstructions of the surface-mass density for all CLASH clusters on multi-scale grids. Our derivation of Navarro–Frenk–White parameters yields virial masses between 0.53 × 10^(15) M_⊙ h and 1.76 × 10^(15) M_⊙ h and the halo concentrations are distributed around c_(200c) ∼ 3.7 with a 1σ significant negative slope with cluster mass. We find an excellent 4% agreement in the median ratio of our measured concentrations for each cluster and the respective expectation from numerical simulations after accounting for the CLASH selection function based on X-ray morphology. The simulations are analyzed in two dimensions to account for possible biases in the lensing reconstructions due to projection effects. The theoretical c–M relation from our X-ray selected set of simulated clusters and the c–M relation derived directly from the CLASH data agree at the 90% confidence level.
© 2015 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2014 April 8; accepted 2015 April 2; published 2015 June 3. The research was in part carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. J. M. has received funding from the People Programme (Marie Curie Actions) of the European Unionʼs Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007–2013) under REA grant agreement number 627288. M. M. thanks ORAU and NASA for supporting his research at JPL and acknowledges support from the contract ASI/INAF I/023/12/0, INFN/PD51, and the PRIN MIUR 20102011 "The dark universe and the cosmic evolution of baryons: from current surveys to Euclid." K. U. acknowledges support from the National Science Council of Taiwan (grant NSC100-2112-M-001-008-MY3) and from the Academia Sinica Career Development Award. Support for A. Z. is provided by NASA through Hubble Fellowship grant #HST-HF-51334.01 A awarded by STScI. D. G., S. S. and P. R. were supported by SFB Transregio 33 "The Dark universe" by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG) and the DFG cluster of excellence "Origin and Structure of the universe." This work was supported in part by contract research "Internationale Spitzenforschung II/2-6" of the Baden Württemberg Stiftung. The Dark Cosmology Centre is funded by the DNRF. J. S. was supported by NSF/AST1313447, NASA/NNX11AB07G, and the Norris Foundation CCAT Postdoctoral Fellowship. E.R. acknowledges support from the National Science Foundation AST-1210973, SAO TM3-14008X (issued under NASA Contract No. NAS8-03060)
Published - 0004-637X_806_1_4.pdf
Submitted - 1404.1376v2.pdf