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Published April 2023 | Published
Journal Article Open

Single-shot photoacoustic imaging with single-element transducer through a spatiotemporal encoder


Significance. Current photoacoustic (PA) imaging modalities typically require either serial detection with a single-element transducer or parallel detections with an ultrasonic array, indicating a dilemma between system cost and imaging throughput. PA topography through ergodic relay (PATER) was recently developed to address this bottleneck. However, PATER requires object-specific calibration due to varied boundary condition and must be recalibrated through pointwise scanning for each object before measurements, which is time-consuming and severely limits practical application. Aim. We aim to develop a new single-shot PA imaging technique that only requires a one-time calibration for imaging different objects using a single-element transducer. Approach. We develop an imaging method, PA imaging through a spatiotemporal encoder (PAISE), to address the above issue. The spatial information is effectively coded into unique temporal features by the spatiotemporal encoder, which allows for compressive image reconstruction. An ultrasonic waveguide is proposed as a critical element to guide the PA waves from the object into the prism, which effectively accounts for the varied boundary condition of different objects. We further add irregular-shaped edges on the prism to introduce randomized internal reflections and further facilitate the scrambling of acoustic waves. Results. The proposed technique is validated through comprehensive numerical simulations and experiments, and it is demonstrated that PAISE can successfully overcome the changed boundary condition and can image different samples given a single calibration. Conclusions. The proposed PAISE technique is capable of single-shot widefield PA imaging with a single-element transducer and does not require sample-specific calibration, which successfully overcomes the major limitation of previous PATER technology.

Additional Information

© 2023 The Authors. Published by SPIE under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. Distribution or reproduction of this work in whole or in part requires full attribution of the original publication, including its DOI. The authors gratefully thank Dr. Qifa Zhou for the customized pin transducer. The authors would also like to thank Dr. Konstantin Maslov, Dr. Junhui Shi, Dr. En Bo, Dr. Yang Li, Dr. Lei Li, and Dr. Shuai Na for helpful discussions. This work was sponsored by the National Institutes of Health Grants DP1 EB016986 (NIH Director's Pioneer Award), R01 CA186567 (NIH Director's Transformative Research Award), and R01 EB016963.

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August 22, 2023
October 20, 2023