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Published January 11, 2005 | Published + Accepted Version
Journal Article Open

The 2dF Galaxy Redshift Survey: the nature of the relative bias between galaxies of different spectral type

Abstract

We present an analysis of the relative bias between early- and late-type galaxies in the Two-degree Field Galaxy Redshift Survey (2dFGRS) – as defined by the η parameter of Madgwick et al., which quantifies the spectral type of galaxies in the survey. We calculate counts in cells for flux-limited samples of early- and late-type galaxies, using approximately cubical cells with sides ranging from 7 to 42 h⁻¹ Mpc. We measure the variance of the counts in cells using the method of Efstathiou et al., which we find requires a correction for a finite volume effect equivalent to the integral constraint bias of the autocorrelation function. Using a maximum-likelihood technique we fit lognormal models to the one-point density distribution, and develop methods of dealing with biases in the recovered variances resulting from this technique. We then examine the joint density distribution function, f(δ_E, δ_L), and directly fit deterministic bias models to the joint counts in cells. We measure a linear relative bias of ≈1.3, which does not vary significantly with ℓ. A deterministic linear bias model is, however, a poor approximation to the data, especially on small scales (ℓ≤ 28h⁻¹ Mpc) where deterministic linear bias is excluded at high significance. A power-law bias model with index b₁≈ 0.75 is a significantly better fit to the data on all scales, although linear bias becomes consistent with the data for ℓ ≳ 40h⁻¹ Mpc.

Additional Information

© 2004 RAS. Accepted 2004 September 23. Received 2004 July 19; in original form 2004 April 15. The 2dFGRS was made possible through the dedicated efforts of the staff of the Anglo-Australian Observatory, both in creating the 2dF instrument and in supporting it on the telescope. JAP and OL thank PPARC for their Senior Research Fellowships.

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