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Published 2007 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

The P, S, Ar, and Ca isotopic composition of the galactic cosmic ray source


Galactic cosmic ray (OCR) measurements of the phosphorus, sulfur, argon, and calcium isotopes made by the Cosmic Ray Isotope Spectrometer (CRIS) aboard NASA's Advanced Composition Explorer are reported aver 1he energy range from ~100 to ~400 MeV/nucleon. The propagation of cosmic rays through the Galaxy and heliosphere is modeled to determine isotopic source abundance ratios ^(31)P/^(32)S, ^(34)S/^(32)S, ^(38)Ar/^(36)Ar, and ^(36)Ar/^(40)Ca. By deriving the OCR source abundance of argon (a noble gas) and calcium (a refractory), it is determined that material in grains is accelerated to OCR energies a factor of ~6.4 more efficiently than gas-phase material in this charge range. With this information the interstellar dust function of phosphorus and sulfur at the cosmic ray source is shown to be consistent with astronomical measurements of hot galactic environments.

Additional Information

Copyright Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México This work was supported by NASA at the California Institute of Technology (under grant NAG5-12929). I. V. M. thanks NASA APRA grant for partial support.

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August 19, 2023
October 23, 2023