Elastic response of water-filled fiber composite tubes under shock wave loading
We experimentally and numerically investigate the response of fluid-filled filament-wound composite tubes subjected to axial shock wave loading in water. Our study focuses on the fluid–structure interaction occurring when the shock wave in the fluid propagates parallel to the axis of the tube, creating pressure waves in the fluid coupled to flexural waves in the shell. The in-house-developed computational scheme couples an Eulerian fluid solver with a Lagrangian shell solver, which includes a new and simple material model to capture the response of fiber composites in finite kinematics. In the experiments and simulations we examine tubes with fiber winding angles equal to 45° and 60°, and we measure the precursor and primary wave speeds, hoop and longitudinal strains, and pressure. The experimental and computational results are in agreement, showing the validity of the computational scheme in complex fluid–structure interaction problems involving fiber composite materials subjected to shock waves. The analyses of the measured quantities show the strong coupling of axial and hoop deformations and the significant effect of fiber winding angle on the composite tube response, which differs substantially from that of a metal tube in the same configuration.
© 2012 Elsevier Ltd. Received 8 September 2011. Received in revised form 20 August 2012. Available online 2 November 2012. The authors want to thank the Office of Naval Research for sponsoring this research as part of the DOD MURI program on Mechanics and Mechanisms of Impulse Loading, Damage and Failure of Marine Structures and Materials. (ONR Grant No. N00014-06-1-0730, program manager Dr. Y. D. S. Rajapakse).