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Published October 1981 | public
Journal Article

Comparison of Sensitivity Coefficient Calculation Methods in Automatic History Matching


The efficiency of automatic history matching algorithms depends on two factors: the computation time needed per iteration and the number of iterations needed for convergence. In most history matching algorithms, the most time-consuming aspect is the calculation of the sensitivity coefficients – the derivatives of the reservoir variables (pressure and saturation) with respect to the reservoir properties (permeabilities and porosity). This paper presents an analysis of two methods – the direct and the variational – for calculating sensitivity coefficients, with particular emphasis on the computational requirements of the methods. If the simulator consists of a set of N ordinary differential equations for the grid-block variables (e.g., pressures) and there are M parameters for which the sensitivity coefficients are desired, the ratio of the computational efforts of the direct to the variational method is R = [N(M + 1)]/[N(N + 1) + M•] Thus, for M

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© 1981 Society of Petroleum Engineers.

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August 22, 2023
October 23, 2023