Learning Graph Parameters from Linear Measurements: Fundamental Trade-offs and Application to Electric Grids
We consider a specific graph learning task: reconstructing a symmetric matrix that represents an underlying graph using linear measurements. We study fundamental trade-offs between the number of measurements (sample complexity), the complexity of the graph class, and the probability of error by first deriving a necessary condition (fundamental limit) on the number of measurements. Then, by considering a two-stage recovery scheme, we give a sufficient condition for recovery. In the special cases of the uniform distribution on trees with n nodes and the Erdös-Rényi (n, p) class, the sample complexity derived from the fundamental trade-offs is tight up to multiplicative factors. In addition, we design and implement a polynomial-time (in n) algorithm based on the two-stage recovery scheme. Simulations for several canonical graph classes and IEEE power system test cases demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm for accurate topology and parameter recovery.
© 2019 IEEE.
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