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Published June 3, 2015 | Submitted
Report Open

Selectively Ventilated Ring Wing Hydrofoils


Experiments were made on a ring wing having a chord-diameter ratio of one-half with a profile section consisting of a 10 percent Clark Y airfoil. Measurements were made of the force characteristics of this ring wing in fully wetted flow for several Reynolds numbers and angles of attack; in fully wetted flow these observations agreed with similar previous results on fully wetted ring wings. A portion of the circumference of the ring was also ventilated by the controlled injection of air to provide a cross-force. The magnitude of this cross-force varies with extent of ventilation and with the rate of injection of air. With less than approximately 11 percent of the trailing edge of the wing so ventilated, the cross-force corresponds to the wing in fully wetted flow having an angle of attack of nearly three degrees. Experiments were also made on the rapidity with which this cross-force could be built up at the start of injection or terminated after the ventilation had been established. The termination of the cross-force is very quick and amounts to a time approximately required for the flow to travel a distance of a few wing chords. The build-up process on the other hand is considerably slower, and it appears to be a dynamic one but the scaling laws for this phenomenon are not yet established.

Additional Information

Department of the Navy Naval Ordnance Systems Command Weapon Dynamics Division, Code ORD-035 Contract Nonr 220(54). Report No. E-138.2.

Attached Files

Submitted - E-138.2.pdf


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