Stochastic Finite State Control of POMDPs with LTL Specifications
Partially observable Markov decision processes (POMDPs) provide a modeling framework for autonomous decision making under uncertainty and imperfect sensing, e.g. robot manipulation and self-driving cars. However, optimal control of POMDPs is notoriously intractable. This paper considers the quantitative problem of synthesizing sub-optimal stochastic finite state controllers (sFSCs) for POMDPs such that the probability of satisfying a set of high-level specifications in terms of linear temporal logic (LTL) formulae is maximized. We begin by casting the latter problem into an optimization and use relaxations based on the Poisson equation and McCormick envelopes. Then, we propose an stochastic bounded policy iteration algorithm, leading to a controlled growth in sFSC size and an any time algorithm, where the performance of the controller improves with successive iterations, but can be stopped by the user based on time or memory considerations. We illustrate the proposed method by a robot navigation case study.
Submitted - 2001.07679.pdf