Engineered zero-dispersion microcombs using CMOS-ready photonics
Normal group velocity dispersion (GVD) microcombs offer high comb line power and high pumping efficiency compared to bright pulse microcombs. The recent demonstration of normal GVD microcombs using CMOS foundry-produced microresonators is an important step toward scalable production. However, the chromatic dispersion of CMOS devices is large and impairs the generation of broadband microcombs. Here, we report the development of a microresonator in which GVD is reduced due to a coupled-ring resonator configuration. Operating in the turnkey self-injection locking mode, the resonator is integrated in a hybrid manner with a semiconductor laser pump to produce high-power efficiency combs spanning a bandwidth of 9.9 nm (1.22 THz) centered at 1560 nm, corresponding to 62 comb lines. Fast, linear optical sampling of the comb waveform is used to observe the rich set of near-zero GVD comb behaviors, including soliton molecules, switching waves (platicons), and their hybrids. Tuning of the 20 GHz repetition rate by electrical actuation enables servo locking to a microwave reference, which simultaneously stabilizes the comb repetition rate, offset frequency, and temporal waveform. This integrated hybrid system could be used in coherent communications or for ultrastable microwave signal generation by two-point optical frequency division.
Additional Information© 2023 Optica Publishing Group under the terms of the Optica Open Access Publishing Agreement. The authors thank H. Blauvelt at EMCORE Corp. for supplying the DFB laser used in this study, as well as N. Kondratiev and V. Lobanov for discussions on numerical modelings. The authors also thank S. Diddams and F. Quinlan for fruitful comments on the results. The research reported here performed by W. Zhang, V.S.I. and A.B.M. was carried out at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at the California Institute of Technology, under a contract with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. Funding. Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (FA9453-19-C-0029, HR0011-22-2-0009); National Aeronautics and Space Administration (80NM0018D0004). Data availability. Data underlying the results presented in this paper are not publicly available at this time but may be obtained from the authors upon reasonable request. The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
Published - optica-10-2-279.pdf
Supplemental Material - 6244564.pdf