Eradicating mass spectrometric glycan rearrangement by utilizing free radicals
Mass spectrometric glycan rearrangement is problematic because it provides misleading structural information. Here we report on a new reagent, a methylated free radical activated glycan sequencing reagent (Me-FRAGS), which combines a free radical precursor with a methylated pyridine moiety that can be coupled to the reducing terminus of glycans. The collisional activation of Me-FRAGS-derivatized glycans generates a nascent free radical that concurrently induces abundant glycosidic bond and cross-ring cleavage without the need for subsequent activation. The product ions resulting from glycan rearrangement, including internal residue loss and multiple external residue losses, are precluded. Glycan structures can be easily assembled and visualized using a radical driven glycan deconstruction diagram (R-DECON diagram). The presence and location of N-acetylated saccharide units and branch sites can be identified from the characteristic dissociation patterns observed only at these locations. The mechanisms of dissociation are investigated and discussed. This Me-FRAGS based mass spectrometric approach creates a new blueprint for glycan structure analysis.
© 2016 Royal Society of Chemistry. This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Received 28th March 2016. Accepted 4th May 2016. First published online 05 May 2016. This work was supported by the Montclair State University and Beckman Institute at the California Institute of Technology.
Published - c6sc01371f.pdf
Supplemental Material - c6sc01371f1.pdf