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Published February 5, 2004 | Published
Book Section - Chapter Open

Charged current universality problem and NuTeV anomaly: is SUSY to blame?


We compute the complete one-loop contributions to low-energy charged current weak interaction observables in the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM). We obtain the constraints on the MSSM parameter space which arise when precision low-energy charged current (CC) data are analyzed in tandem with measurements of the muon anomaly. The data imply a pattern of mass splittings among first and second generation sleptons and squarks which contradicts predictions of widely used models for supersymmetry breaking mediation. We also discuss the implications of these constraints on the SUSY one-loop contributions to the (anti)neutrino-nucleus deep inelastic scattering. We consider the ratios of neutral current to charged current cross sections, and compare with the deviations of these quantities from the Standard Model predictions implied by the recent NuTeV measurement. We discuss one scenario in which a right-sign effect arises, and show that it is ruled out by the CC data. We also study R parity-violating contributions. Although such effects can account for the violation of the first row CKM unitarity, they can not reproduce the NuTeV anomaly. If NuTeV anomaly is ultimately explained within the SM, R parity-violating resolution of the CKM unitarity problem can be tested in parity-violating electron scattering experiments at SLAC and TJNAF.

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© 2003 American Institute of Physics. Issue Date: 5 February 2004.

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