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Published January 1, 1999 | Accepted Version
Report Open

Investigation of base-isolated structures during recent earthquakes and computer simulations utilizing near-source long-period ground motions


The current study contains two major parts. Part One consists of the identification and analysis of three existing base-isolated buildings in Southern California. The identification and analysis utilize the recorded motions of these structures from past earthquakes. System identification is useful for understanding the extent to which the structures enter the nonlinear realm and how much their properties change. Models are constructed assuming completely elastic three-dimensional superstructures, with idealized bi-linear hysteretic elements for the isolating bearings. The properties used in the bearing models were taken from tests of the actual bearings before installation. The models were then verified by comparing their responses computed using the various recorded foundation ground motions, with the recorded responses of the actual structures. The models were adjusted to minimize the error of several response quantities. Part Two contains computer simulations subjecting a typical base-isolated building (TBIB) to two classes of ground motions. The first is a sampling of near-source recorded motion from past moderate-to-large earthquakes. The second is a group of synthetic near-source motions generated for a hypothetical M 7.0 earthquake. In some cases, the lateral response of the model exceeds the isolation gap, indicating that the displacement barrier would be impacted. In order to further study base-isolated buildings when the isolation bearings undergo large displacements the (TBIB) model is used and the computer program 2D-BUMP is developed. This program includes the effects of a fully nonlinear superstructure, nonlinear springs acting as displacement barriers which engage at specified distances, and a tri-linear model for the elastomeric bearings. Using this model, several conclusions are drawn regarding the probable areal extent of damaging near-source ground motions from the M 7.0 event, as well as the behavior of base-isolated structures due to these near-source long-period ground motions.

Additional Information

PhD, 1995

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Accepted Version - 9509.pdf


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