Selected issues in computational micromechanics are reviewed, with particular emphasis on multiple-scale problems and micromechanical models of material behavior. Examples considered include: the bridging of atomistic and continuum scales, with application to nanoindentation and the brittle-to-ductile transition; the development of dislocation-based constitutive relations for pure metallic crystals and intermetallic compounds, with applications to fracture of single crystals and bicrystals; the simulation of non-planar three-dimensional crack growth at the microscale, with application to mixed mode I–III effective behavior and crack trapping and bridging in fiber-reinforced composites; and the direct micromechanical simulation of fragmentation of brittle solids and subsequent flow of the comminuted phase.
© Springer Verlag 1996. Communicated by S. N. Atluri, 26 March 1996. Dedicated to the 10th anniversary of Computational Mechanics.