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Published July 1, 1956 | public
Journal Article Open

Stopping Cross Section of Solids for Protons, 50-600 kev


The stopping cross sections of Li, Cu, LiF, CaF2, Pb, and Au for protons have been measured over the energy range Ep=50-600 kev; the stopping cross section of Be for protons has been measured for Ep=50-2600 kev. An electrostatic analyzer and magnetic spectrometer were used to measure the energy loss of protons in a thin film of the stopping material. The density of the stopping film was determined by weighing, or by quantitative chemical analysis of, a known area. The ratio of the stopping cross section of Al, Cu, Mn, Ta, and Pb to that of Au was measured by observing the yield of elastically scattered protons from these targets for Ep=200-600 kev. The ratio of stopping cross section of Ca, V, Cr, Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn, to that of Mn was measured for Ep=200-600 kev by the same method. In the region Z=23-29, the stopping cross section decreases as the atomic number of the stopping material increases. The probable error of absolute stopping cross section measurements in this experiment is 3%.

Additional Information

©1956 The American Physical Society. Received 30 March 1956. The authors are indebted to Professor C.C. Lauritsen who suggested the use of the quartz balance, to Professor R.F. Christy for interesting discussions of the energy loss process, and to Mr. J.C. Overly for assistance in taking the data.


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