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Published August 2011 | Published
Journal Article Open

Search for same-sign top-quark pair production at √s = 7 TeV and limits on flavour changing neutral currents in the top sector


An inclusive search for same-sign top-quark pair production in pp collisions at √s = 7 TeV is performed using a data sample recorded with the CMS detector in 2010, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 35 pb^(−1). This analysis is motivated by recent studies of pp → tt reporting mass-dependent forward-backward asymmetries larger than expected from the standard model. These asymmetries could be due to Flavor Changing Neutral Currents (FCNC) in the top sector induced by t-channel exchange of a massive neutral vector boson (Z′). Models with such a Z′ also predict enhancement of same-sign top-pair production in pp or pp collisions. Limits are set as a function of the Z′ mass and its couplings to u and t quarks. These limits disfavour the FCNC interpretation of the Tevatron results.

Additional Information

© 2011 CERN, for the benefit of the CMS Collaboration. This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Noncommercial License which permits any noncommercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited. Received: June 13, 2011. Accepted: July 16, 2011. Published: August 1, 2011. We thank Johan Alwall, Ed Berger, Qing-Hong Cao, Chuan-Ren Chen, Chong-Sheng Li and Hao Zhang for discussions and help in implementing the Z0 model in MadGraph/MadEvent. We wish to congratulate our colleagues in the CERN accelerator departments for the excellent performance of the LHC machine. We thank the technical and administrative staff at CERN and other CMS institutes, and acknowledge support from: FMSR (Austria); FNRS and FWO (Belgium); CNPq, CAPES, FAPERJ, and FAPESP (Brazil); MES (Bulgaria); CERN; CAS, MoST, and NSFC (China); COLCIENCIAS (Colombia); MSES (Croatia); RPF (Cyprus); Academy of Sciences and NICPB (Estonia); Academy of Finland, ME, and HIP (Finland); CEA and CNRS/IN2P3 (France); BMBF, DFG, and HGF (Germany); GSRT (Greece); OTKA and NKTH (Hungary); DAE and DST (India); IPM (Iran); SFI (Ireland); INFN (Italy); NRF and WCU (Korea); LAS (Lithuania); CINVESTAV, CONACYT, SEP, and UASLP-FAI (Mexico); PAEC (Pakistan); SCSR (Poland); FCT (Portugal); JINR (Armenia, Belarus, Georgia, Ukraine, Uzbekistan); MST and MAE (Russia); MSTD (Serbia); MICINN and CPAN (Spain); Swiss Funding Agencies (Switzerland); NSC (Taipei); TUBITAK and TAEK (Turkey); STFC (United Kingdom); DOE and NSF (USA).

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