Use of High Sensitivity Bolometers for Astronomy: Planck High Frequency Instrument
The Planck satellite is dedicated to the measurement of the anisotropy of the Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB) with unprecedented sensitivity and angular resolution. It is a project of the European Space Agency based on a wide international collaboration, including United States and Canadian laboratories. The detectors of its High Frequency Instrument (HFI) are bolometers cooled down to 100 mK. Their sensitivity will be limited by the photon noise of the CMB itself at low frequencies, and of the instrument background at high frequencies. The requirements on the measurement chain are directly related to the strategy of observation used for the satellite. This impacts the bolometer design as well as other elements: The cooling system must present outstanding temperature stability, and the amplification chain must show a flat noise spectrum down to very low frequencies.
Additional Information© 2002 American Institute of Physics. Issue Date: 5 February 2002.
Published - LAMaipcp02a.pdf