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Published March 2002 | Published
Journal Article Open

Photonic crystals for confining, guiding, and emitting light


We show that by using the photonic crystals, we can confine, guide, and emit light efficiently. By precise control over the geometry and three-dimensional design, it is possible to obtain high quality optical devices with extremely small dimensions. Here we describe examples of high-Q optical nanocavities, photonic crystal waveguides, and surface plasmon enhanced light-emitting diode (LEDs).

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© 2002 IEEE. "Personal use of this material is permitted. However, permission to reprint/republish this material for advertising or promotional purposes or for creating new collective works for resale or redistribution to servers or lists, or to reuse any copyrighted component of this work in other works must be obtained from the IEEE." Manuscript received February 27, 2002; revised March 1, 2002. This work was supported in part by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR) under the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA)/Quantum Information Science and Technology (QuIST) Program, and in part by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under Grant ECS-9912039, and the Army Research Office (ARO) under a Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative (MURI) Grant DAAD 190010374.

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