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Published May 1994 | metadata_only
Book Section - Chapter

Scale-space properties of quadratic edge detectors


Edge detectors which use a quadratic nonlinearity in the filtering stage are attracting interest in machine vision applications because of several advantages they enjoy over linear edge detectors. However, many important properties of these quadratic or "energy" edge detectors remain unknown. In this paper, we investigate the behavior of quadratic edge detectors under scaling. We consider two cases important in practice: quadratic detectors with constituent filters related by the Hilbert transform, and with constituent filters related by the first spatial derivative. We prove that in one dimension, Hilbert-pair detectors with Gaussian scaling permit the creation of new features as scale is increased, but such causality failures cannot generically occur with derivative-pair detectors. In addition, we report experiments that show the effects of these properties in practice. Thus at least one class of quadratic edge detectors can have the same desirable scaling property as detectors based on linear differential filtering.

Additional Information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 1994. This research was in part sponsored by NSF Research Initiation grant IRI 9211651, and by NSF grant IRI 9306155, and by ONR grant N00014-93-1-0990. P.P. gratefully acknowledges the Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences of Cambridge, UK, where he conducted part of this research.

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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023