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Published March 11, 1990 | Published
Journal Article Open

Measurement by quantitative PCR of changes in HPRT, PGK-1, PGK-2, APRT, MTase, and Zfy gene transcripts during mouse spermatogenesis


A reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction assay (RT-PCR) was used quantitatively to measure accumulated levels of RNA transcripts in total mouse RNAs derived from male germ cells at various spermatogenic stages. RNA levels for two X-linked enzymes, phosphoglycerate kinase (PGK-1) and hypoxanthine phosphoribosyl transferase (HPRT), both decrease during spermatogenesis, although the transcript levels decrease much more rapidly for PGK-1. RNA for the Y-linked ZFY (zinc finger protein) is elevated in all spermatogenic cell fractions tested, being particularly high in leptotene/zygotene spermatocytes and round spermatids. RNA for adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) increases 5-fold to a peak during late pachynema. RNA for PGK-2, undetectable in spermatogonial cells, increases at least 50-fold by the round spermatid stage. DNA (cytosine-5-)-methyltransferase (MTase) transcript levels are over an order of magnitude higher throughout spermatogenesis than in non-dividing liver cells.

Additional Information

© 1990 Oxford University Press. Received October 12, 1989; Revised and Accepted February 6, 1990. We thank Robert L. Tanguay for excellent technical assistance, and John Rossi, Paul Salvaterra, Anna Wu, and Philip Tomashefsky for their kind help and suggestions. This work was supported by NIH grant 1 R01 AG08196-01 to ADR, an American Cancer Society grant to MIS, and by NICHHD grant 05077 to ARB.

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