Finite‐element modeling of dry sliding wear in metals
This paper is concerned with the calibration and validation of a finite‐element model of dry sliding wear in metals. The model is formulated within a Lagrangian framework capable of accounting for large plastic deformations and history‐dependent material behavior. We resort to continuous adaptive meshing as a means of eliminating deformation‐induced element distortion, and of resolving fine features of the wear process such as contact boundary layers. Particular attention is devoted to a generalization of Archard's law in which the hardness of the soft material is allowed to be a function of temperature. This dependence of hardness on temperature provides a means of capturing the observed experimental transition between severe wear rates at low speeds to mild wear rates at high speeds. Other features of the numerical model include: surface evolution due to wear; finite‐deformation J_2 thermoplasticity; heat generation and diffusion in the bulk; non‐equilibrium heat‐transfer across the contact interface; and frictional contact. The model is validated against a conventional test configuration consisting of a brass pin rubbing against a rotating steel plate.
© 2001 MCB University Press. Preprint submitted to Elsevier Preprint 6 August 2000.