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Published 1978 | public
Journal Article

Optically detected E.P.R. and low-field ENDOR of triplet benzophenone


The ENDOR spectrum of ^(13)C substituted (carbonyl carbon) triplet excited benzophenone was studied at ca. 100 G applied magnetic field by means of optical detection. The benzophenone was substitutionally dissolved in dibromodiphenylether (DDE). The ENDOR transitions and the E.P.R. transitions were studied as a function of applied field direction in the ab and bc crystal planes. The angle ϕ between the line joining the phenyl group centres and a principal axis of the fine structure tensor was found to be 23·6° ± 0·02° (standard deviation limited to one set of measurements). The principal axes of the 13C hyperfine tensor were within experimental error (±10°) coincident with the fine structure axes. The principal values of the hyperfine tensor were found to be : |A_(xx)/h| = 43·16 ± 1·84, |A_(yy)/th| = 22·66 ± 2·50, |A_(zz)/h| = 10·25 ± 1·30 MHz. The low-field ENDOR does not provide an indication of the signs of these tensor elements, so the value of the isotropic coupling constant cannot be measured. Two values of the anisotropic (dipole) hyperfine tensor elements were deduced on the assumption that the transitions frequencies are mainly determined by interactions between the nuclear spin and electron density on the carbonyl carbon atom. These values were (i) A_(xx)/^d/h = 17·82, A_(yy)/h = -22·68, A_(zz)/h = -15·14 MHz and (ii) A_(xx)/h = 39·73, A_(yy)/h = -26·09, A_(zz)/h = -13·63 MHz. Set (ii) is consistent with recent calculations of the spin density distribution in triplet benzophenone in which the orbital spin densities are 0·64 for the carbonyl carbon π-orbital, 0·17 for the oxygen π-orbital, and 0·88 for the non-bonding orbital on oxygen (all expressed as fractions of one electron). Isotope effects on the fine structure constants of triplet benzophenone were measured and found to be consistent with the changes occurring in the spin-orbit coupling with the ground state. The kinetic parameters for the excitation and de-excitation of the triplet substates were deduced from transient ODMR studies of benzophenone in DDE. The T_z spin state is mainly populated (85–88 per cent) and this is also the most strongly radiative state (k_z^r = 0·88). The steady-state populations of the three triplet levels are similar.

Additional Information

© 1978 Taylor & Francis. Received 04 Oct 1977. This research was supported by a PHS grant GM12592 and in part by the National Science Foundation, MRL Program under Grant No. DMR76-00678.

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