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Published May 2015 | Published + Submitted
Journal Article Open

Dynamical Evolution of Multi-resonant Systems: The Case of GJ876


The GJ 876 system was among the earliest multi-planetary detections outside of the Solar System, and has long been known to harbor a resonant pair of giant planets. Subsequent characterization of the system revealed the presence of an additional Neptune mass object on an external orbit, locked in a three body Laplace mean motion resonance with the previously known planets. While this system is currently the only known extrasolar example of a Laplace resonance, it differs from the Galilean satellites in that the orbital motion of the planets is known to be chaotic. In this work, we present a simple perturbative model that illuminates the origins of stochasticity inherent to this system and derive analytic estimates of the Lyapunov time as well as the chaotic diffusion coefficient. We then address the formation of the multi-resonant structure within a protoplanetary disk and show that modest turbulent forcing in addition to dissipative effects is required to reproduce the observed chaotic configuration. Accordingly, this work places important constraints on the typical formation environments of planetary systems and informs the attributes of representative orbital architectures that arise from extended disk-driven evolution.

Additional Information

© 2015 The American Astronomical Society. Received 2014 August 13; accepted 2015 March 21; published 2015 April 28. We are grateful to Greg Laughlin and Fred Adams for useful discussions.

Attached Files

Submitted - 1504.00051v1.pdf

Published - 1538-3881_149_5_167.pdf


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August 22, 2023
August 22, 2023