Waveform modeling of the November 1987 Superstition Hills earthquake
Long-period body-wave data recorded at teleseismic distances and strong-motion data at Pasadena for the Superstition Hills earthquakes of 24 November 1987 are modeled to obtain the source parameters. We will refer to the event that occurred at 0153 UT as EQ1 and the event at 1316 UT as EQ2. At all distances the first earthquake appears to be a simple left-lateral strike-slip event on a fault striking NE. It is a relatively deep event with a source depth of 10 km. It has a teleseismic moment of 2.7 × 10^(25) dyne cm. The second and more complex event was modeled in two ways: by using EQ1 as the Green's function and by using a more traditional forward modeling technique to create synthetic seismograms. The first method indicated that EQ2 was a double event with both subevents similar, but not identical to EQ1 and separated by about 7.5 sec. From the synthetic seismogram study we obtained a strike of 305° for the first subevent and 320° for the second. Both have dips of 80° and rakes of 175°. The first subevent has a moment of 3.6 × 10^(25) which is half that of the second. We obtain depths of at least 6 km. The teleseismic data indicate a preferred subevent separation of 30 km with the second almost due south of the first, but the error bounds are substantial. This would suggest that the subevents occurred on conjugate faults. The strong-motion data at PAS, however, imply a much smaller source separation, with the sources probably produced by asperities.
Additional Information© 1989 Seismological Society of America. Manuscript received 16 August 1988. Janice Regan and Bob Halliday of the Geological Survey of Canada provided us with the Canadian data. Cindy Arvesen drafted the figures. Art Frankel provided us with an excellent review. California Institute of Technology, Division of Geological and Planetary Sciences contribution no. 4712. This work was supported by USGS Contract 14-08-0001-21912.
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