Welcome to the new version of CaltechAUTHORS. Login is currently restricted to library staff. If you notice any issues, please email coda@library.caltech.edu
Published November 1, 1988 | Published
Journal Article Open

Axonal Delay Lines for Time Measurement in the Owl's Brainstem


Interaural time difference is an important cue for sound localization. In the barn owl (Tyto alba) neuronal sensitivity to this disparity originates in the brainstem nucleus laminaris. Afferents from the ipsilateral and contralateral magnocellular cochlear nuclei enter the nucleus laminaris through its dorsal and ventral surfaces, respectively, and interdigitate in the nucleus. Intracellular recordings from these afferents show orderly changes in conduction delay with depth in the nucleus. These changes are comparable to the range of interaural time differences available to the owl. Thus, these afferent axons act as delay lines and provide anatomical and physiological bases for a neuronal map of interaural time differences in the nucleus laminaris.

Additional Information

Copyright © 1988 by the National Academy of Sciences Contributed by Masakazu Konishi, July 15, 1988 We thank Ted Sullivan and Larry Proctor for advice and the use of data analysis programs, and Ted Bullock, Walter Heiligenberg, Eric Knudsen, Andy Moiseff, Terry Takahashi, Susan Volman, and Hermann Wagner for reading this manuscript. This work was supported by National Institutes of Health Grant NS14617 to M.K. and National Research Service Award NS07475 to C.E.C. The publication costs of this article were defrayed in part by page charge payment. This article must therefore be hereby marked "advertisement" in accordance with 18 U.S.C. §1734 solely to indicate this fact.

Attached Files

Published - CARpnas88.pdf


Files (991.5 kB)
Name Size Download all
991.5 kB Preview Download

Additional details

August 22, 2023
September 11, 2023