Two-Point LDV Measurements in a Plane Mixing Layer
Investigations into the nature of the large structures in a two-dimensional shear layer were carried out using laser Doppler velocimetry in the GALCIT free-surface water tunnel. By simultaneous measurements of velocity at two points outside the turbulent region, above and below the shear layer, it was possible to measure the strength (total circulation) and location of the vorticity center of the large structures. It was found that structures not in the process of pairing convect downstream with the center of their cores close to the ray y/x along which the mean velocity is given by U_m = l/2(U_1 + U_1 ). The determined value of the mean circulation is consistent with the independent measurements of the mean spacing between the structures. Results indicate that if the large structure vorticity distribution is elliptical, the inclination angle of its axis of symmetry with respect to the now direction is small.
© 1979 American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Inc. Received March 10, 1979; revision received July 3, 1979. The measurements were conducted under the sponsorship of the Experimental Methods course of the Graduate Aeronautical Laboratories at Caltech and the Air Force Office of Scientific Research Contract No. F44620-76-C- 0046. D. Lang would like to acknowledge the support of the Fannie and John Hertz Foundation.
Published - Gharib_1979p1347.pdf