Free Energy of Nonequilibrium Polarization Systems. 4. A Formalism Based on the Nonequilibrium Dielectric Displacement
An expression for the free energy of nonequilibrium polarization systems, valid in the presence or absence of dielectric images, is derived using the nonequilibrium dielectric displacement and electric field vectors. The results are compared with those based on the nonequilibrium polarization vector (Part I). For the case of longitudinal polarization they are equivalent. However, the present expression is simpler and more compact. The results are compared with others in the literature.
© 1994 American Chemical Society. Received: March 18, 1994; In Final Form: May 9, 1994. I am indebted to the Office of Naval Research and the National Science Foundation for the support of this research. It is a pleasure to dedicate this article to Professor C. N. R. Rao, on the occasion of his 60th birthday.