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Published July 2020 | public
Book Section - Chapter

A Prototype of a Fully-Implantable Charge-Balanced Artificial Sensory Stimulator for Bi-directional Brain-Computer-Interface (BD-BCI)


Bi-directional brain-computer interfaces (BD-BCI) to restore movement and sensation must achieve concurrent operation of recording and decoding of motor commands from the brain and stimulating the brain with somatosensory feedback. Previously we developed and validated a benchtop prototype of a fully implantable BCI system for motor decoding. Here, a prototype artificial sensory stimulator was integrated into the benchtop system to develop a prototype of a fully-implantable BD-BCI. The artificial sensory stimulator incorporates an active charge balancing mechanism based on pulse-width modulation to ensure safe stimulation for chronically interfaced electrodes to prevent damage to brain tissue and electrodes. The feasibility of the BD-BCI system's active charge balancing was tested in phantom brain tissue. With the charge-balancing, the removal of the residual charges on an electrode was evident. This is a critical milestone toward fully-implantable BD-BCI systems.

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© 2020 IEEE. This study was supported by NSF grant #1646275.

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August 19, 2023
December 22, 2023